Prosedur penelitian : suatu pendekatan praktik / Suharsimi Arikunto | OPAC Perpustakaan Nasional RI
Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf: A Practical Guide to Research Methods
Research is a systematic process of finding answers to questions or problems. Research methods are the tools and techniques that researchers use to conduct their research. There are many books that explain research methods, but one of them stands out as a popular and practical guide for Indonesian researchers: Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf. In this article, we will explore what this book is about, who wrote it, why it is important for researchers, and what are its strengths and weaknesses.
Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf
What is Prosedur Penelitian?
Prosedur Penelitian is a book that describes the procedures of conducting research in a practical way. The title can be translated as "Research Procedures: A Practical Approach". The book was first published in 1986 and has been revised and updated several times since then. The latest edition was published in 2013 by Rineka Cipta, a leading publisher of educational books in Indonesia.
Who is Suharsimi Arikunto?
Suharsimi Arikunto is a professor of education at the University of Indonesia. She has a PhD in education from Ohio State University, USA. She has written more than 20 books on various topics related to education, such as curriculum development, evaluation, teaching methods, and research methods. She is also a consultant and trainer for various educational institutions and organizations in Indonesia.
Why is this book important for researchers?
This book is important for researchers because it provides a comprehensive and clear explanation of how to conduct research from planning to reporting. It covers various types of research methods, such as experimental, survey, case study, action research, and qualitative research. It also provides examples and exercises to help readers apply the concepts and techniques in their own research projects. The book is written in a simple and engaging language that makes it easy to understand and follow.
The steps of Prosedur Penelitian
The book outlines six main steps of conducting research, which are:
Planning the research
This step involves identifying the research problem, formulating the research objectives, reviewing the relevant literature, developing the theoretical framework, and preparing the research proposal.
Conducting the literature review
This step involves searching for sources of information related to the research topic, such as books, journals, reports, websites, etc. It also involves evaluating the quality and relevance of the sources, summarizing the main findings, synthesizing the existing knowledge, and identifying the gaps or limitations in the literature.
Designing the research method
This step involves selecting the appropriate type of research method based on the research objectives, such as experimental, survey, case study, action research, or qualitative research. It also involves determining the population and sample size, designing the instruments or tools for data collection, such as questionnaires, interviews, observations, tests, etc., and planning the procedures for data collection.
Collecting the data
This step involves implementing the data collection procedures according to the research design. It also involves ensuring the validity and reliability of the data collection instruments or tools, maintaining ethical standards in data collection, such as obtaining informed consent from participants, protecting their privacy and confidentiality, etc., and managing and organizing the data.
Analyzing the data
Reporting the results
This step involves writing and presenting the research report or paper based on the data analysis. It also involves following the appropriate format and style for the report or paper, such as APA, MLA, IEEE, etc., citing and referencing the sources of information correctly, and discussing the implications and limitations of the research findings.
The advantages of Prosedur Penelitian
The book has several advantages that make it a useful and valuable guide for researchers, such as:
It is practical and easy to follow
The book provides a clear and systematic explanation of each step of conducting research in a practical way. It also provides tips and suggestions on how to avoid common mistakes and problems in research. The book is written in a simple and engaging language that makes it easy to understand and follow.
It covers various types of research methods
The book covers various types of research methods that can be applied in different fields and disciplines, such as experimental, survey, case study, action research, and qualitative research. It also explains the advantages and disadvantages of each type of research method, and how to choose the most suitable one for the research objectives.
It provides examples and exercises
The book provides examples and exercises to help readers apply the concepts and techniques in their own research projects. The examples are taken from real-life research studies in various fields and disciplines, such as education, psychology, sociology, health, etc. The exercises are designed to test the readers' understanding and skills in conducting research.
The challenges of Prosedur Penelitian
The book also has some challenges that may limit its usefulness and applicability for some researchers, such as:
It is mainly focused on quantitative research
The book is mainly focused on quantitative research methods that involve collecting and analyzing numerical data using statistical techniques. It does not provide enough depth and detail on qualitative research methods that involve collecting and analyzing non-numerical data using interpretive techniques. Therefore, researchers who are interested in conducting qualitative research may need to consult other sources of information.
It may not reflect the latest developments in research methods
The book may not reflect the latest developments and trends in research methods that have emerged in recent years, such as mixed methods, participatory action research, online surveys, big data analysis, etc. Therefore, researchers who want to keep up with the current state of knowledge and practice in research methods may need to update themselves with other sources of information.
It may not suit all research contexts and purposes
The book may not suit all research contexts and purposes that require different approaches and considerations in conducting research. For example, the book may not address the specific challenges and opportunities of conducting research in developing countries, cross-cultural settings, or interdisciplinary fields. Therefore, researchers who are working in these contexts and purposes may need to adapt and modify the procedures of conducting research according to their situations.
Summary of the main points
In conclusion, Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf is a practical guide to research methods that provides a comprehensive and clear explanation of how to conduct research from planning to reporting. It covers various types of research methods that can be applied in different fields and disciplines. It also provides examples and exercises to help readers apply the concepts and techniques in their own research projects. The book has several advantages that make it a useful and valuable guide for researchers, such as being practical and easy to follow, covering various types of research methods, and providing examples and exercises. However, the book also has some challenges that may limit its usefulness and applicability for some researchers, such as being mainly focused on quantitative research, not reflecting the latest developments in research methods, and not suiting all research contexts and purposes.
Recommendations for further reading
If you are interested in learning more about Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf or other books on research methods, here are some recommendations for further reading:
Arikunto Suharsimi (2010). Dasar-Dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan (The Basics of Educational Evaluation). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Creswell John W. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative & Mixed Methods Approaches (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Kothari C.R. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques (2nd ed.). New Delhi: New Age International.
Sugiyono (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D (Quantitative Qualitative & R&D Research Methods). Bandung: Alfabeta.
Trochim William M.K. & Donnelly James P. (2008). The Research Methods Knowledge Base (3rd ed.). Mason: Cengage Learning.
**FAQs** Q: What is the main purpose of Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf? A: The main purpose of this book is to provide a practical guide to research methods for Indonesian researchers. Q: Who is the target audience of Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf? A: The target audience of this book is anyone who is interested in conducting research in various fields and disciplines. Q: How many editions of Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf have been published? A: There have been 16 editions of this book published since 1986. Q: Where can I find Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf online? A: You can find this book online at https://opac.perpusnas.go.id/DetailOpac.aspx?id=217760 or https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Arikunto%2C-Suharsimi%2C-Prosedur-Penelitian%3A-suatu-Hell-Root/272cc5eafc1fd9daaba0572ef5fcb5d12da200ce. Q: How can I cite Suharsimi Arikunto Prosedur Penelitian.pdf in my paper? A: You can cite this book using APA style as follows: Arikunto Suharsimi (2013). Prosedur penelitian: suatu pendekatan praktek (Research procedures: a practical approach) (16th ed.). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.